No marsh mallow in my marshmallow

Posted in Cooking, Food, Science

Did you know there was a marsh mallow? And that there is no longer any marsh mallow in your marshmallows? Well, now you do.

We still call them marshmallows, but there’s no marsh mallow in them anymore. Candy made with honey and thickened with sap from the root of the marsh mallow (Athea officinalis) plant was savored in ancient Egypt. Marsh mallow, the plant, grows to be two to four feet tall. It has gray-green leaves and pink flowers. Not surprisingly, it grows in marshes and is related to other “mallow” plants, such as the rose mallow, the apricot mallow, and the common mallow.

Up until the mid-1800s, marshmallow candy made in the United States contained marsh mallow sap as a thickener. Today’s recipes use gelatin (made from animal bones and hides) instead of the sap. Mostly, though, marshmallows are made of corn syrup or sugar. Gum arabic (made from acacia trees) serves as a “foam stabilizer.” Flavoring is also added.

Via Boing Boing

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